The so-called Peace Churches built in Poland in the middle of the 17th century were constructed as part of a grudging concession to Protestants in a Catholic-dominated area.They were called Churches of Peace after the Peace of Westphalia, two treaties that ended long-standing troubles in Europe. The churches were only permitted to be built if they met certain stipulations: they were to be built of wood, they had to be free of steeples and bells, they had to be located outside of the city, and their construction had to be completed in a year.Two churches out of the original three remain under World Heritage protection.
Church of Peace in Swidnica:
The Church of Peace in Swidnica
is a two-story structure that can hold up to 7,000 worshippers. The Church of Peace in Swidnica is open Monday through Saturday from 9am to 1pm and 3pm to 5pm. On Sundays it is open from 3-5pm.
Church of Peace in Swidnica website: www.kosciolpokoju.pl
Church of Peace in Jawor:
The Church of Peace in Jawor is similar in size to its sister church in Swidnica. Built by a Wroclaw architect, it is decorated inside with paintings and contains a 19th century organ. The Church of Peace can be found in the Park of Peace in Jawor within walking distance of Jawor's main train station.
Getting to the Churches of Peace in Swidnica and Jawor:
Swidnica and Jawor are located near Wroclaw - about 30 miles and 25 miles west of the city, respectively. It is possible to reach Swidnica and Jawor by train from Wroclaw.