Lithuania is one of the three Baltic States, the other to being Latvia and Estonia. In 2004 Lithuania became a member of the European Union. It is bordered by Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia's Kaliningrad Region. Lithuania's flag
is a yellow, green, and red tricolor. Lithuania's coat of arms
, a historic symbol of Lithuania, is still widely used to represent this Baltic nation.
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania extended deep into Southeastern Europe (all the way to the Black Sea) in the 15th Century. Gediminas
was an important leader during this time period who dealt with diverse religions of people under his rule. Lithuania had its first real brush with Christianity while Gediminas led Lithuania.
Lithuanian Language and Religion:
is a Baltic language that has developed very slowly, making it useful for studying Proto-Indo-European, its mother language.
Lithuanians are primarily Roman Catholic - almost 80% of the population follows this branch of Christianity, with other minority religious groups making up the other 20%.
Lithuania's culture has a rich folk tradition. Lithuanian Easter eggs
are a part of a great Eastern European pagan heritage. Weaving
is also a folk art that is widely practiced in Lithuania and used in Lithuanian national costumes.
Lithuania's economy has grown since it gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the late 20th century. While rural economies have long depended upon fishing
, Lithuania's economy is becoming more global and the tourist industry is growing. Lithuania switches to the Euro in the year 2009.
Facts about Lithuania:
- The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius.
- Basketball is the Lithuanian national sport.
- The largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Siauliai, and Panevezys.
- Lithuania and Poland were once a part of a commonwealth.
- Lithuania gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990.
Flights to Lithuania: